HISTORY OF BAALBEK ALOUF PDF

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History of Baalbek [Michel M. Alouf, Tedd St Rain] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. At one time, the worldwide fame of the ruins at Baalbek. Baalbek is an ancient Phoenician city located in what is now modern day Lebanon, north of Beirut, in the Beqaa Valley. Inhabited as early. Author: Michel M. Alouf; Category: Voyages; Length: Pages; Year:

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I have also added a plan, showing the present ruined state of the temples. An early Christian writer named Lactantius AD records that Titan, with the help of the rest of the Titans, imprisoned Cronus and held him alouff until his son Jupiter or Zeus was old enough to take the throne.

According to Professor H. Heliopolis Syriaca or Syriae to distinguish it from its namesake in Egypt. If we accept for a moment that Baalbek’s Great Platform, and perhaps even the inner podium that supports the Temple of Jupiter, might well possess a much greater antiquity than has previously been imagined, then what purpose might the Baalbek structure have served? Lord Rothschild Memorial Sermon by J.

The Sphinx-building culture of Egypt is evidence that such technological skills may well have been available aalouf early as 10, BC, while our current knowledge of the Baalbek platform gives us firm grounds to push back its accepted construction date by at least a thousand years.

It could be argued that the column drum was used as ballast to strengthen the foundations of the much earlier podium wall, and until further knowledge of exactly where this cylindrical block baapbek found then the matter cannot be resolved either way. He was arguably the most important deity of the Romans, taking over the role of Zeus in the Greek pantheon.

What seems equally as likely, however, is that – situated close at the highest point in the Beqa’a, and set between the headwaters of Lebanon’s two greatest rivers, the Orontes and Leontes – this elevated site became an important religious centre at a very early date indeed.

One has only to look at the positioning of the Trilithon and the various courses of large stone blocks immediately beneath it to realize that they bear very little relationship to the rest of the Temple of Jupiter.

Another similar stone quarry lies some two miles away, but there is no obvious evidence that the Trilithon stones came from there. Admittedly, the Stone of the Pregnant Woman remaining in the quarry does contain a seemingly random series of round holes in its upper surface, yet their precise purpose remains a mystery.

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It is a subject that requires much further research before any definite conclusions can be drawn, but the apparent advanced capabilities of the proposed Byblos culture allows us to perceive the antiquity of Baalbek’s Great Platform in a new light.

Muslims from the surrounding area gathered, however, and entered the castle through a secret passageway shown to them by a local.

Might it have been responsible for passing on these ancient maps to civilizations such as Egypt, c. No eBook available Book Tree Amazon.

Sanchoniatho, quoted in Cory, p. Baalbek”The EditorsLondon: Remember, the Titans were said to have been born of the same loins as Cronus, and in alliance with their half-brother, they waged war against their father Ouranus. A Cruise to the Orient by J. The early dynastic boat burials uncovered at Giza and Abydos have revealed sea-going vessels with high prows that were never intended to be sailed on the Nile; this is despite the fact that Egypt had no obvious maritime tradition during this early stage in its development.

Autumn and spring are mild and fairly rainy. See the author’s From the Ashes of Angels, Ch. The propylaeum of the Temple of Bacchus. Yet the openness of individuals such as de Saulcy and Renan gives us reason to doubt the assertions of their modern-day equivalents. The evidence is self apparent and runs as follows: Far off in Hell. The reality of such myths is quite another matter, especially as equally strong traditions associate the pre-Flood events of the Book of Genesis with Turkish and Iraqi Kurdistan.

Scholars can only gloss over the necessity to use such ridiculously large sized blocks. Coelesyria[36] shows signs of almost continual habitation over the last 8— years. Like the Hamadas, the Harfush emirs were involved on more than one occasion in the selection of Church officials and the running of local monasteries.

Could this knowledge help explain the methods behind the cutting, transportation and positioning of the tonne blocks used in Baalbek’s Great Platform?

For example, details of the Temple of Bacchus’s ceiling inspired a bed [] and ceiling by Robert Adam and its portico inspired that of St George’s in Bloomsbury. It is located in one of the drier regions of the country, giving it an average of mm of precipitation compared with mm in coastal areas annually, overwhelmingly concentrated in the months from November to April.

And herein the problems begin, for the local inhabitants of the Beqa’a Valley – who consist in the main of Arab Muslims, Maronite Christians and Orthodox Christians – do preserve legends about the origins of the Great Platformbut they do not involve the Romans. As the temple complex expanded throughout Roman times, the existing foundations extended southwards, beyond the inner podium, to where the Temple of Bacchus or Mercury was eventually constructed in the middle of the second century BC.

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History of Baalbek – Michel M. Alouf – Google Books

Roof sculpture, supposedly of Mark Antony. Heliopolis of the East Scholars suggest that Baalbek started its life as a convenient trading post between the Lebanese coast and Damascus.

For example, when the unfinished upper course of hitsory Great Platform was cleared of loose blocks and rubble, excavators found carved into its horizontal surface a drawing of the pediment a triangular, gable-like piece of architecture present in the Temple of Jupiter. I was therefore excited to discover that, according to Sanchoniatho, Ouranus was supposed to have ‘devised Baetulia, contriving stones that moved as having life’.

History of Baalbek · | OUR Heritage

And even if we presume that they did have the a,ouf, then this cannot definitively date the various building phases at Baalbek. As punishment, they were banished to Tartarus, a mythical region of hell enclosed by a brazen wall and shrouded perpetually by a cloud of darkness. Each night she takes on the form of a swallow to fly around the pillar.

They sit side-by-side on the fifth level of a truly cyclopean wall located beyond the western limits of the Temple of Jupiter. Ibn al-Muqaddam did not consent and Saladin opted to invest the city in late to maintain peace within his own family.

He stated that a ‘statue’ was carried ritually from Heliopolis in Egypt to its Lebanese name-sake by Egyptian priests. Even if the dates suggested for Sanchoniatho’s Byblos culture are open to question, I believe the sacred fortress hypothesis brings us a lot closer to unlocking the bzalbek of Baalbek.

History of Baalbek

Who were these people? History of Baalbek Michel M. Thallus, quoted by Cory, p. Ragette points out that the sheer awe inspired by the Trilithon ensured that Baalbek was remembered by later generations, not for the grandeur of its magnificent temples, but for its three great stones which ignorant folk began to believe were built by superhuman giants of some bygone age.

Syria as a Roman Province by E. The etymology of Baalbek has been debated indecisively [19] since the 18th century. He further adds that stones of this size and proportion were also employed ‘in the interest of appearance’.

Even more extraordinary is the fact that in a limestone quarry about one quarter of a mile away from the Baalbek complex is an even larger building block.