HELIOTROPIUM INDICUM PDF
Facts About. Indian heliotrope is native to Asia and invasive in parts of the United States. Its distribution just barely includes New England, collections having. Nov 19, H. indicum is common in tropical countries, being a major weed of sugarcane in Indonesia and the Philippines (Holm et al., ) and of maize. Descriptions and articles about the Indian Heliotrope, scientifically known as Heliotropium indicum in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Comprehen .
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Aqueous leaf extracts of Heliotropium indicum had an allelopathic effect on rice seedlings; phenolic compounds may be held responsible for this. Tadulingam C; Venkatanarayana G, A catalogue of problem plants in South Africa.
Launert E, Pope GV, eds.
Fruits angular with an apical beak, mm long, glabrous with two lobes which spread apart and separate to give two nutlets at maturity. The plants are generally collected when fully grown and can be used either dry or fresh. Heliotropium indicum indicuj tumorigenic pyrrolizidine alkaloids. Massachusetts not applicable S-rank: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, pp.
Heliotropium indicum (Indian heliotrope)
Department of Primary Industries. They exhibit pronounced toxic effects on liver and lungs, but cytotoxic effects and other mutagenic and carcinogenic activities have also been reported. The South American species of Heliotropium. In addition to being a weed in different crops in various tropical and subtropical regions of the inricum, H.
In Gambia heiotropium whole plant is buried and after the fleshy tissue has rotted away the remaining fibre is used to make false hair for women. A flower decoction is an emmenagogue in small doses and an abortifacient in large doses. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids from Heliotropium curassavicum.
A review of plants of northern Sudan with special reference to their uses.
Indice Agropecuaria X1V edn. Arthropods and pathogens should be studied in these areas to establish if any have biological control potential. Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The generic name is derived from the Greek helios, for sun and trope, for turning, suggesting that the leaves and flowers turn towards the sun, however, this is not the habit of this species.
There are citation in web searches related to Heliotropium indicum L. Heliotropium indicum Heliotropium indicum L. The lower surface of the leaf is pubescent, acute or acuminate, margin with shallow undulating teeth, the base narrowing and extending down along the petiole to form wings on both sides.
Weeds of the United States and their control. There are book citations related to Heliotropium indicum L. Usually the plant attains a height of 1 m, but sometimes it may grow as tall as 1. Lazarides and Hince, ; Craven, This plant has a phenomenally wide invasive range, being found throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world as well as helioteopium many temperate areas. Your help is appreciated. There are 15 news article citations related to Heliotropium indicum L.
Pons N; Sutton BC, A Geographic Atlas of World Weeds. Title Heliotrpoium Caption Six-leaf seedling. University Press of Hawaii.
Bracteole number Apiaceae 0 Bracts in plantain Plantago NA Final ondicum segment length compound lvs only 0 mm Final leaf segment length to width ratio compound lvs only 0 Final leaf segment width compound lvs only 0 mm Hairs on underside of leaf the underside of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy Leaf arrangement alternate: Bebawi FF; Neugebohrn L, Heliotropium indicum flowering plant CopyLeft EcoPort. Impact Top of page H.
The plant is usually associated with wet, fertile soils, often near rivers and lakes, fallow rice fields, roadsides and waste areas. The young leaves, seedlings and inflorescences showed high alkaloid levels and with ageing, the level of alkaloids decreased 20 fold in the leaves. Inflorescence internodal, an unbranched and very rarely dichotomous helicoid cyme, the peduncle portion cm long, pubescent, the fertile portion cm long.