ENSET PRODUCTION IN ETHIOPIA PDF
purposes; its challenges and contribution of enset production for sustainable livelihood According to Stanely (), the cultivation of Enset in Ethiopia was . However, the spatial distribution of Enset production and its yield are not . Enset plant yield and assessing kocho production in Ethiopia. Annual national food production in Ethiopia for the years Table 3. Hectarage and production of Enset products in the Southern Ethhiopia Peoples.
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In Ethiopia usually, stews are made of mainly bean powders however vegetables are used in some cases. Haile Selassie I University,p. It producction several environmental, nutritional, and socio-cultural importance however its cultivation is under disease challenges.
At such times, enset becomes the only resource available. He also reported the early cultivation of enset in the northern part of the Abyssinian highland in the course of his survey on the source of the Nile. It attacks the plant at any stages even after full maturity. The corm Neqaqa was found to be more nutritious than bulla Gena except in starch and zinc contents. This basically means that a great many people who used to close the food gap with false banana consumption are not able to do so any more, and lacking a viable alternative, have become food insecure and highly vulnerable to climatic and economic disruptions of their agricultural system.
The most common pest that threatens enset is caused by the Cataenococcus enset which is a root mealybug. Retrieved 6 February Feleke, “The production and utilization of the genus ensete in Ethiopia,” Economic Botany, vol. Plant on Mount TsetserraMozambique. Retrieved from ” https: Significant Ethiopian population relay on enset for their major daily diet. Other pests include nematodesspider mitesaphidsmole ratsporcupines and wild pigs.
Cheesman Ensete ruandense De Wild.
Ensete ventricosum – Wikipedia
Indeed, they differentiate “male” varieties from “female” varieties, according to the preferences of men and women who harvest them. In this study, the corm was better in lysine content than bulla but much lower than that of potato and teff Table 3. Under the production of enwet out of prkduction zones, Gena is the most broadly disseminated enset clone Yemataw, et al.
Yeshitla, “Assessment of phenotypic variability in enset Ensete Ventricosum Welw Cheesman accessions using multivariate analysis,” International Journal of Natural Sciences Research, vol. This is mainly because of a decrease of fertilization through manure and an increase in demand, especially during droughts.
Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection. In this case, g of enset was considered for an average daily intake from Shigeta [6 ] and Brandt, et al. This is nearly enough daily maintenance energy during low working producction but cannot be assumed out of g washi for it contains a lot of moisture.
Simmonds, “Ensete cultivation in the Southern highlands of Ethiopia: The proximate and mineral contents of enset were compared with other common root and cereal crops Table 2. The corm has better composition of other nutrients though Bulla has higher carbohydrate.
Enset cultivation in Ethiopia is reported to be 10, years old. Bulla is made from the liquid squeezed out of the mixture and sometimes eaten as a porridge, while the remaining solids are suitable for consumption after a settling period of some days. African Crop Science Producttion. The members of the lineage cut all the enset plants when the head of the household dies, to express their produdtion and desperation [ 6 ].
Paskal Mota for allowing his enset farm and provision of samples.
They suggested the better possible use of enset starch as a binder for compressed tablets because of its better binding stability than that of potato starch. Having a field that encompasses the homestead is considered aesthetically desirable by enset-based societies, enset beautifies the landscape by its green foliage.
Enset Ensete ventricosum Production in Ethiopia: The dried petioles and midribs are used as firewood, to make mats, and tying materials for house construction.
The plants can be transplanted only once or up to four times with wider spacing. This page was last edited on 30 Decemberat The Kocho or Bulla type on the left and the corm type on the right A. The phenotype and utilization values are the ejset for the naming of enset landrace accessions by farmers [ 17 ]. Enset Enset ventricosum is a genus of banana family and termed as false banana.
Totally it takes years for an enset to mature and get ready enet be processed [ 3 ].