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Mater et Magistra has 10 ratings and 3 reviews. Marie said: Do you want a short summary of Catholic Social Teaching? Yes? Then this encyclical is very mu. La remuneración del trabajo no es algo que pueda dejarse a las leyes del mercado, ni debe ser una decisión que se deja a la voluntad de los. Encíclica Mater et magistra por JUAN XXIII La iglesia como madre y maestra. Sobre el desarrollo de la cuestión social. Calidad de vida.

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In a number of countries all classes of citizens are taking a part in public life, materr public authorities are injecting themselves more each day into social and economic matters. This is the doubt that has arisen in many minds. He was canonised on 27 April In that broadcast message rnciclica great Pontiff claimed for the Church “the indisputable competence” to “decide whether the bases of a given social system are in accord with the unchangeable order which God our Creator and Redeemer has shown us through the Natural Law and Revelation.

As we read in St. They also take into account the principal characteristics of contemporary society, and are thus acceptable to all. Other factors too enter into the assessment of a just wage: Experience has shown that where personal initiative is lacking, political tyranny ensues and, in addition, economic stagnation in the production of a wide range of consumer goods and of services of the material and spiritual order—those, namely, which are in a great measure dependent upon the exercise and stimulus of individual creative talent.

Mater et Magistra: Christianity and Social Progress

The nations of the world are becoming more and more dependent on one another and it will not be possible to preserve a lasting peace so long as glaring economic and social imbalances persist. In it the Supreme Pontiff confirmed the right and duty of the Catholic Church to work for an equitable solution of the many pressing problems weighing upon human society and calling for a joint effort by all the people. These three fundamental values, which are closely connected one with the other, mutually complementary and dependent, are: Do you want a short summary of Catholic Social Teaching?

We would give Our special approval to the increasing assistance they are giving, in all sorts of ways, to African and Asian students scattered throughout the universities of Europe and America; and to the care that is being devoted to maer training of those persons who are prepared to go to the less wealthy areas in order to engage in work of technical and professional ehciclica. Return to Book Page.


With regard to private property, Our Predecessor reaffirmed its origin in natural law, and enlarged upon its social aspect and the obligations of ownership. In economically developed countries, relatively unimportant services, and services of doubtful value, frequently carry a disproportionately high rate of remuneration, while the diligent maher profitable work of whole classes of honest, hard-working men gets scant reward.

Hence, the real solution of the problem is not to be found in expedients which offend against the divinely established moral order and which attack human life at its very source, but in a renewed scientific and technical effort on man’s part to deepen and extend his dominion over Nature.

What can be done to persuade agricultural workers that, far from being inferior to other people, they have every opportunity of developing their personality through their work, and can look forward to the future with confidence?

Caitlin Herrity added it Jan 11, Both sides must work together in harmony, and their respective efforts must be proportioned to the needs of the common good in the prevailing circumstances and conditions of human life. The Church aims rather at securing that the institution of private property be such as it should jagistra according to the plan of the divine Wisdom and the dispositions of Nature.

Yesu Prasad marked it as to-read Jan 28, It was clear, for example, that unregulated competition had succumbed to its own inherent tendencies to the point of practically destroying itself. They produce food for the support of human life, and the enciclic materials of industry in ever richer supply.

In the field of science, technology and economics we have the discovery of nuclear energy, and its application first to the purposes of war and later, increasingly, to peaceful ends; the practically limitless possibilities of chemistry in the production of synthetic materials; the growth of automation in industry and public services; the modernization of agriculture; the easing of communications, especially by radio and television; Faster transportation and the initial conquest of interplanetary space.

Hence it is not the decisions made within the individual productive units which have the greatest bearing on the economy, but those made by public authorities and by institutions which tackle the various economic problems on a national or international basis. Open Preview See a Problem? Daniela marked it as to-read Jun 15, She is “the pillar and ground of the truth. Laborem exercens Sollicitudo rei socialis Centesimus annus Evangelium vitae. The Pope writes of the dignity of agricultural workwith the family farm held up as an ideal.


Yet, even so, in isolation from the rest of the world they are quite incapable of finding an adequate solution to their major problems. For example, a business must balance its unity of direction with the needs of its individual workers. Our Best Kept Secret third ed. World banking institutes, individual States and private persons are helping to furnish the capital for an ever richer network of economic enterprises in the less wealthy countries.


Our purpose, therefore, is not merely to commemorate in a fitting manner the Leonine encyclical, but also to confirm and make more specific the teaching of Our predecessors, and to determine clearly the mind of the Church on the new and important problems of the day.

Furthermore, these two categories of citizens—craftsmen and members of cooperatives—are fully entitled to these watchful measures of the Enicclica, for they are upholding true human values and contributing to encixlica advance of civilization. As he said at the beginning of his exposition of the principles and precepts of the Church in social matters: By the force of their example they are helping to keep alive in their own community a true sense of responsibility, a spirit of co-operation, and the constant desire to create new and original work of outstanding merit.

Where this is secured in a permanent way, a people will be, in a true wt, economically rich, because the general well-being, and consequently the personal right of all to the use of worldly goods, is thus actuated in conformity with the purpose willed by the Creator. Their rate of pay is quite inadequate maetr meet the basic needs of life.

It must therefore aim at implanting and fostering among the faithful an awareness of their duty to carry on their economic and social activities in a Christian manner. Attention must then be turned to the need for worldwide co-operation among men, with a view to a fruitful and well-regulated interchange of useful knowledge, capital and manpower.